Our oceans - the largest waste dump site of the world
At least 140 million tons of plastic are already in our oceans and seas. Further 10 Mio. t additionally arrives annually.
80% of these wastes come from shore while 20% comes from the sea (shipping industry, fishing industry, offshore industry and leisure industry).
The catastrophic conditions of our seas and oceans
Littered with Marine debris, poisoned, overfished, too warm, too acidic …. This is how the condition of our Seas and Oceans can be described to a large extent.
Our oceans have become the largest garbage depot of the world by now.
2050 more plastic than fish in our oceans.
If everything continues as before until 2050 there will be more plastic than fish in our oceans. Therefore the use of plastics and/or the recycling must be drastically changed.
Where does Marine debris come from?
80% of the wastes getting annually into the oceans come from shore while 20% come from sea (shipping industry, fishing industry, offshore industry and leisure industry).
Why does so much plastic get into the oceans?
The principal reason for this global problem is that most countries of this world cannot afford the costs for a sustainable waste management system. Furthermore know-how and structures for the required infrastructure is not available.
70% of world population lives at coasts, large rivers and on islands.
7.3 billion people inhabit our Earth. And up to the year 2050 there will be 9.5 billion inhabitants. 70% of the world population lives at coasts, rivers or on more than 100,000 inhabited islands.
The catastrophic consequences of the littering of our seas with plastic
Not only our environment suffers enormously from the increasing plastic contamination, meanwhile land the plastic particles and the pollutants contained in it over the food chain also with us humans on the table with illness consequences not investigated yet.
Apart from the health threats for humans and animals the plastic garbage in the sea also has serious economic consequences: tourism areas are threatened, beaches must be constantly cleaned, the garbage get caught regularly in Marine propellers and ship cooling water system of the shipping industry. With power stations the garbage causes damage in the cooling water admission, in desalination plants it blocks the water circulation.
Fishermen do not only have to fight with plastic garbage in their fishing nets, but also catch fewer fish, since these move away due to the bad environmental condition. Also the agriculture, which is operated near the coast, suffers from dirty pastureland.
Beyond that experts assume that the plastic particles take up pollutants from the environment, as for example the DDT (Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane), used as insecticide or the cancer releasing PCB (Polychroride Biphenyls). Scientists measured on the plastic particles pollutants which are higher up to 1,000,000 times than in the surrounding water.
Which damage does plastic cause in the oceans?
Solely the direct damage the plastic is globally causing per year, is estimated with presently 13 billion USD.
According to expert opinion the circumstances caused by plastic litter are already catastrophic. If we don’t act at short notice the habitat of our oceans will be irreparably destroyed.